Water Retention Value (WRV) in Pulp and Paper

Centrifuge Application

Hettich Centrifuge Application

Determination of the Water Retention Value (WRV) in Pulp and Paper Manufacturing

The water retention value (WRV) is an essential parameter in the manufacture of pulp and paper. It is an indication of the ability of a sample of wood fiber or pulp mass to retain water.

The WRV changes in the course of the manufacturing process – for instance, it rises continuously during the grinding process as a result of the increasing separation into fibers. The WRV consequently provides valuable information on the impact of the individual steps in the pulping process on the fibers produced and to what degree the pulp mass is suitable for paper manufacture.

The method used to determine the WRV has been standardized and is described in the international standard ISO 23714:2007. Whereas in the past the sample holders were specially manufactured and therefore expensive, or had to be fabricated for their intended use, Hettich now offers a test-padholding unit of type A.1 as given in ISO 23714:2007 as standard centrifuge accessories.

The test-pad-holding unit

The test-pad-holding unit has three parts, all of stainless steel:

  • A test-pad basket, 35 mm in height, with an internal diameter of 25 mm
  • A fine-mesh wire with an aperture of 125 µm and a mesh diameter of 90 µm
  • A bottom-perforated vessel that accommodates the precision-fit wire and the stainless steel basket holding the sample under analysis.
  • For centrifugation, the filled test-pad-holding unit is placed in a plastic adapter that retains the water released during the centrifugation process.
  • The entire insert fits into a standard centrifuge carrier and can be sealed with a lid.

Summary of the advantages of the centrifuge insert

  • The test-pad-holding unit is of stainless steel
  • The centrifuge carrier remains free of corrosion since no liquid accumulates in it – it is retained in the plastic adapter
  • Simple and safe to use
  • The sample can be easily removed from the test-pad holding unit after centrifugation for further processing
  • Easy to clean
  • The carrier lid reliably prevents evaporation during centrifugation
  • Fits into standard centrifuge accessories


See ISO 23714:2007 “Pulps – Determination of water retention value (WRV).”

Hettich products are designed to help you achieve optimal results for your application and are built to perform to the specifications outlined in the operators manual. For application-specific information and settings, please refer to your organization’s standard operating procedure. As always, our Hettich representatives are here to help determine which Hettich products and accessories best fit your laboratory requirements.


Water Retention Value in Pulp and Paper Application Note

This application note provides information on specific application methods and the use of Hettich products. (more…) read more...

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File size: 519.7 kb
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Hettich UNIVERSAL 320 R benchtop centrifuge product sheet

UNIVERSAL 320 | R Product Sheet

This product sheets provides a comprehensive overview of the unique product features specific to the model. (more…) read more...

File type: PDF
File size: 185.3 kb
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Hettich manufactures centrifuges for any standard laboratory application.